SHORT HISTORICAL REVIEW - LA TAUROMAQUIA AND THE PEOPLE

SHORT HISTORICAL REVIEW - LA TAUROMAQUIA AND THE PEOPLE

The relationship of bullfighting with the Iberian Peninsula is long and comes from far behind.
The death of the bull, a prominent pagan symbol, and the fact of showing courage in overcoming fears, in this fact, comes from very old times in the Iberian lands, which not only developed on the peninsula but in more parts of Europe, fundamentally (remember the games of the bull in Crete, for example). This matter is very little known in history because there have been very few archaeological remains in this regard.

Of all the Iberian areas where bullfighting was developed, it was in the peninsula where it has lasted until today. A very remarkable fact given the changes in history and more in these current times, with the evolving, brilliant technology, which makes everything change vertiginously.

It is from the fifteenth century when we have more historical memory through different writings, focusing on Spain. For example, it is clear that Fernando El Católico was an admirer of this tradition, but not his wife Isabel La Católica. We also found anti-bullfighting in the "Code of Seven Games" by Alfonso X the Wise, advised against Christian clergy to attend bullfights, and immoral the fact that bullfighters can earn money with this.

The dynasty of the "Austria", however, have been the bullfighting kings par excellence. Felipe II, who in response to a request to prohibit bullfights in Spain, replied the following: “that when running from the bulls, this is an old and general custom from our Reynos, and to remove it will be necessary to look more in it, and I yearned for agora it is not convenient to become new ”. A bullfight that was developed on horseback and that was a fundamentally aristocratic tradition.

Not so the royal Bourbon line, which always reflected his anti-bullfighting, based on his illustrated rationalist ideas. This was demonstrated by Felipe V with his anti-bullfighting laws (1723), Carlos III (1771), Carlos IV (1805). These prohibitions caused the aristocracy to leave bullfighting on horseback, in large part, and to develop on foot, through the flat town.

Not only did the monarchy try to eradicate bullfighting, the Catholic Church also tried, certainly on very few occasions: Pius V (1567) or Sixtus V, not long after, always revoked by his successors.

It also draws attention to certain anti-bullfighting in Cádiz, which curiously became the capital of anti-bullfighting throughout the eighteenth century, the Animal Protective Society of Cádiz convened in 1875 (19th century) a contest of works against the bullfighting festival, being a of the lands with more livestock and predicament in the current homeland bullfighting.

It is the arrival of the Democracy of 1978
, and the independence movements "of the Spanish" of certain autonomous communities, which have reopened the debate
(Catalonia, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Galicia), in different degrees, under the umbrella of respect for animals, although the political issue of “antispain” is verifiable.

Doing this brief historical review we see that the debate has always existed throughout history, and that the roots in the Spanish people have always been very high. Will this continue to be so?

Hopefully, even if it is to show that the Spanish people are rebellious to the “external” prohibitions and also to preserve an ancient and rich tradition, if only to preserve a living archeological remains unmatched: the brave bull